Ariamis

MODELLING

Digital modelling, a larger than life world

 

The purpose of modelling is to be able to foresee all the phenomena in a system according to the intended targets, and the resources and knowledge used to reach those targets. Using pure mathematics, knowledge of the laws of physics and computer tools, it is a means of optimising design phases.

 

CALCULATION POWER, DESIGN PHASE OPTIMISATION AND MULTIDOMAIN APPROACH

 

Modelling has an increasingly essential role to play in engineering. This is for obvious financial reasons, but also because today, technology is connecting pure mathematics with the calculation power of computers.  The optimisation of the design cycle, the control over system complexity, evolutive sizing... everything tends to privilege design through modelling. Digital modelling offers a “virtual prototype” that has the capacity to change as the project moves forward. (also see the zera D and one D article).

 

 

 

The black box represents the desired effects, whereas the knowledge model represents the sources of solutions.

 

 

 

 

A set of equations or rules used
to describe a phenomenon in a repeatable and simulatable manner

 

ANTICIPATE, VIEW AND ANALYSE THE SOLUTIONS

 

The so-called “Real dynamic systems” model is created using two components: a knowledge model composed of mathematical formulae, and the so-called “black box” model which is used to define the parameters being searched for.

The (flexible) knowledge model is used to:

 

> Describe the system’s physical behaviour

> Predict the system’s response in certain situations or fluctuations

> Analyse system behaviour depending on its specific properties

> Develop system control

 

METHODS, KNOWLEDGE AND DIGITAL TOOLS

 

It is the extreme complexity of the equations and the multiple parameters that justify the use of digital modelling. Beyond the nodal method concepts (equations) and the Bind-Graph method (graphic representation), several software programmes help the engineers during the modelling phase.

 

> MATLAB

> SIMULINK

> AMESIM

> GT-SUITE

 

These different software programmes allow powerful calculation, but also make it possible to take into account a high number of parameters. Where live experimentation would be totally impossible, modelling is used to rationalise the design phases.

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